According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), Chronic pain is often defined as any pain lasting more than 12 weeks. Whereas an acute pain is a normal sensation that alerts us to possible injury, chronic pain is very different. Chronic pain persists—often for months or even longer.
Chronic pain may arise from an initial injury, such as a back sprain, or there may be an ongoing cause, such as illness. However, there may also be no clear cause. Other health problems, such as fatigue, sleep disturbance, decreased appetite, and mood changes, also accompany chronic pain. Chronic pain may limit a person’s movements, reduce flexibility, strength, and stamina which eventually causes difficulty in carrying out important and enjoyable activities and hence, leading to disability and despair.
India is a country of 1.3 billion people (approx). A survey conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 15 centers across Asia, Africa, Europe, and the United States of America demonstrated the prevalence of chronic pain in approx 30% of the population.
India Today in 2015 quotes Damayanti Datta, “India is a nation in pain”. According to a point prevalence study done by Dureja G.P. et al. published in Pain Practice journal in 2014, “There is no published literature available on prevalence of chronic pain in India. The study was the first pain prevalence study that included a total of 5,004 respondents across eight different cities in India.” They came to a conclusion that, “A significant population of India suffers from chronic pain, and their quality of life is affected leading to disability.”
Another study done by Saxena AK (2018) on “The Prevalence of Chronic Pain among Adults in India”stated a prevalence of 19.3% with a higher prevalence in females (25.2%) with a significant impact on work and daily function.
On the other hand a study done by Deshpande AN(2018) on the “Prevalence of chronic pain based on Public Health Centre data from a city in central India” stated a prevalence of 29.63% with female patients more in number.Having said that, we can’t even begin to ideate numbers of Indians silently suffering from chronic illnesses and pain throughout the country.
With the advent in technology, the internet has facilitated leaps and bounds.This enables one to think that there’s ample information and awareness about anything on the web. But the truth is non concurring to it especially when it comes to chronic pain and chronic illnesses which are often invisible to a naked eye. Pain warriors have been often misunderstood and misguided for decades, leading to physical & mental trauma. Chronic Pain India, wants to be a harbinger of change in this segment, paving the way for better lives and lifestyles for all pain warriors.